Baghawad Geeta, Class 146: Chapter 11, Verses 22 to 29
रुद्रादित्या वसवो ये च साध्या
वीक्षन्ते त्वां विस्मिताश्चैव सर्वे।।11.22।।
Those who are the Rudras, the Adityas, the
Vasus and the Sadhyas [sadhyas: A particular class of celestial
beings.-V.S.A.], the Visve (-devas), the two Asvins, the Maruts and the
Usmapas, and hosts of Gandharvas, Yaksas, demons and Siddhas-all of those very
ones gaze at You, being indeed struck with wonder.
teaching swamiji said, Arjuna is blessed by Sri Krishna with a divya chakshu,
an appropriate mind that can appreciate the body of Lord or universe. After
seeing Vishwa rupam, Arjuna goes through three phases of transformations.
is one of wonder. What you appreciate in totality is wonderful. Thus, water in
huge quantities like in Niagara falls is a wonder. Anything in a mass scale
produces wonder in us. In Vishwa rupa, everything is in a very large scale. Not
only am I appreciating Vishwa rupa, says Arjuna, but others such as Rudras,
Vasavahas,Sadhyas, Vishve, Asinau, marutaha, usmapaha, gandharvas etc; are also
appreciating the rupa. For this Vishwa Rupa darshanam you need not stand in a long
line; you can appreciate it without any difficulty. It is a uniform
appreciation by all who are wonder stuck.
we are going to the next stage, where Arjuna’s response changes and that is going
to be described hereafter.
Shloka # 11.23:
रूपं महत्ते बहुवक्त्रनेत्रं
दृष्ट्वा लोकाः प्रव्यथितास्तथाऽहम्।।11.23।।
O mighty-armed One, seeing Your immense form
with many mouths and eyes, having numerous arms, thighs and feet, with many
bellies, and fearful with many teeth, the creatures are struck with terror, and
so am I.
Vishwa rupa, Arjuna saw the Lord’s mouth. This was previously described in
Shloka # 19 as well as a huge mouth with a huge conflagration of fire. Mouth
represents time as destructive principle. Time is responsible for creation
(Brahma), maintenance (Vishnu) and destruction (Shiva). Now creation and maintenance,
one loves, but when it comes to destruction, one is afraid. So, Arjuna sees
kala as destructive principle and this srikes fear in Arjuna. We should note
that this just represents pairs of opposites. These pairs are present in Vishwa
rupa as well. One can’t accept one and reject the other. They are inseparable
and compliment each other. The most important pairs in life are:
Birth and Death; every
moment some one is born and some one dies. Even in our body, cells are born and
they die. We are happy to be born but don’t want to die. We don’t care if
others die unless they are close to us. However, reality is that both exist and
we should accept them both as mangalam.
Other pairs of
opposites include: Growth and decay: health and disease; union and separation;
night and day; thus everything is mangalam; all should be acceptable and this
is a sign of maturity. Without maturity we may see cruelty in God’s actions in
some cases. Arjuna is not fully mature and can’t understand this aspect. This
is described in shlokas # 20- 23.
O Lord, your Vishwa
rupa is infinite with countless faces and eyes; your hands are many; thighs are
many; feet are many; stomach are many; but only one part of you, I don’t want
to see; that is the mouth; it is frightening with many sharp teeth; when I see
it, it is a frightening aspect of yours; the whole world is frightened. Arjuna,
being a fearless Kshatriya does not openly admit to his own fear.
Shloka # 11.24:
दृष्ट्वा हि त्वां प्रव्यथितान्तरात्मा
धृतिं न विन्दामि शमं च विष्णो।।11.24।।
O Visnu, verily, seeing Your form touching
heaven, blazing, with many colors, open-mouthed, with fiery large eyes, I ,
becoming terrified in my mind, do not find steadiness and peace.
On one side Arjuna
appreciates the Vishwa Rupa, on the other side he sees the terrible mouth.
“Your form is touching the sky; you have manifold colors; I see the mouth with
fire and teeth; I see your eyes, large and shining; the sun and moon are your
eyes; seeing this form, especially the mouth, my innermost heart is tormented;
I have lost my steadiness; I have weakened; I have become restless.
Old age is
frightening, everything around us, such as disease will become stronger; my
immunities will go away. Kala causes all this as part of Vishwa rupa.
Shloka # 11.25:
दंष्ट्राकरालानि च ते मुखानि
दिशो न जाने न लभे च शर्म
प्रसीद देवेश जगन्निवास।।11.25।।
Having merely seen Your mouths made terrible
with (their) teeth and resembling the fire of Dissolution, I have lost the
sense of direction and find no comfort. Be gracious, O Lord of gods, O Abode of
Arjuna’s mind goes back to the mouth. “ Your mouth
with protruding teeth (cause of pain) is comparable to Pralaya Kala Agni.
according to the scriptures, at the time of pralaya, the whole creation is gradually
dissolved; and there are five elements; these five elements are created in a
particular order; akasha; vayu; agni; jalam
and prithvi; at the time of pralayam; the resolution takes place in a reverse
vipraryaya atha; that
means what everything is supposed to be in prithvitatvam; prithvi the earth
principle is dissolved in jala tatvam; that is the pralaya; and jalam is
supposed to be resolved in agni tatvam; and that agni and that agni is called
pralaya kala agni which
absorbs everything including the fourteen lokas;
When I see that mouth, I
have lost my sense of direction; I am greatly disturbed. I am not sure if you
are a compassionate god or a cruel god. Maturity is required to accept both
Lord: Be gracious to me: at least do not open the mouth; everything is fine, if
you close the mouth;
Shloka # 11.26:
अमी च त्वां धृतराष्ट्रस्य पुत्राः
भीष्मो द्रोणः सूतपुत्रस्तथाऽसौ
And into You (enter) all those sons of
Dhrtarastra along with multitudes of the rulers of the earth; (also) Bhisma,
Drona and that son of a Suta (Karna), together with even our prominent
The irony of situation
is that what thought you want to avoid, the mouth, becomes more and more
prominent now. Arjuna gets a close up of Lords mouth. The mouth keeps
swallowing. How does he eat? Just as we eat food, all of us are edible to
Bhagavan. So, I see people being eaten by Lord. These are all an integral part
of life and we need to learn to accept it.
So many people are
entering mouth of Lord.
In the Mahabharata war
many soldiers died and they are seen entering God’s mouth. This is a symbolic
expression as the war is about to begin and Arjuna sees all this before the
All kauravas are entering
your mouth; I see many soldiers also from my side entering; many kings and
their groups as well. Arjuna asked for Gita teaching because he could not face the
death of Bhishma, Drona etc. Now, he sees the death of Bhishma and Drona, Karna,
Abhimanyu and other warriors, all entering Lord’s mouth. O Sri Krishna, I can’t
accept this fact. We have to accept this fact says, Swamiji, otherwise life
will be unacceptable. We have to accept choice-less situations.
वक्त्राणि ते त्वरमाणा विशन्ति
They rapidly enter into Your terrible mouths
with cruel teeths! Some are seen sticking in the gaps between the teeth, with
their heads crushed!
Arjuna continues to see the
frightening mouth of God. All these people are rushing through your mouth
without knowing. It is a mouth with
frightening teeth. When I look at your mouth and some of them are caught in
between teeth, partly crushed by Lord. This is
symbolic; again what do they symbolize; different kinds of diseases; taking
away different parts; kidney failure; heart attack; pancreas failure; what is
pancreas failure; kalam
has bitten kidney; kalam
has bitten pancreas; all these are happening and nobody can stop all these
things; in spite of medical
none of them can be stopped; therefore better learn to accept them as part of
Shloka # 28:
यथा नदीनां बहवोऽम्बुवेगाः
तथा तवामी नरलोकवीरा
As the numerous currents of the waters of
rivers rush towards the sea alone so also do those heroes of the human world
enter into Your blazing mouths.
this is not the lot of the soldiers alone; but this is the lot of all the
living beings; because all of them will have to be ultimately resolved; because
life is nothing but
avastha and vyaktha avastha. We have all come; we have to go back to the Lord,
and again punarapi jananam and punarapi maranam.
Arjuna gives example
of countless rivers rushing and ultimately going back to ocean from which they
originated anyway. All of us have come from Lord and have to go back to him.
Shloka # 29:
यथा प्रदीप्तं ज्वलनं पतङ्गा
विशन्ति नाशाय समृद्धवेगाः।
तथैव नाशाय विशन्ति लोका
स्तवापि वक्त्राणि समृद्धवेगाः।।11.29।।
As moths enter with increased haste into a
glowing fire for destruction, in that very way do the creatures enter into Your
mouths too, with increased hurry for destruction.
Another example is
given of small insects and flies; when there is an oil lamp, they all rush to
flame and it will destroy them. Either they burn or fall in oil and die. Lords
mouth is the lamp with fire; we are all rushing to that flame with increased
speed. Similarly, all living beings are rushing towards you with increased
speed. Kala is an integral part of life. To get over kala, like markandeya,
embrace shiva (atma) whose desha and kala are absent. So, Atmatatvam alone is
place to surrender.
With Best Wishes,