Taitreya Upanishad, Class 17
Lecture 0n Sept, 3. 2017
Swamiji observed that we completed 10 sections of Upanishad covering— Preparatory Disciplines to get Brahma Vidya— Also discussed, Karma Yoga , varieties of Upasanas, values(Deiviha Sampath) and two Japas (Gnana yogyadha Prapthi and Gnana Prapthi).
All previuosly discussed Sadhanas were reminded.
Now on to Auvaha 11.
Upanishad is condensing Dharma Sasthram — contained in Veda Purva Baha. It is nothing but a religious way of life and get purified mind and become Gnana Yogyadha—and enter Veda Antha Baha. —Start with religion and transcend religion—
Sanyasa Asrama reflects this.
Dharma Sastra(Veda Purva) as elaborated by Jaimini Maharishi in Purva Mimamsa.It consists of:
2)Attitude towards life (family, creation,health,wealth,strength etc)
3)Values—ethics and morals
the above three are condensed Dharma Sasthra. When you learn and practice then you are fit for Veda study.
Upanishad condenses Dharma Sasthra in Anuvaka 11. When should one begin to study? It should start at a very young age, in schools or colleges—during Brahmacharya Asrama—when there is no responsibilities—-no relationship—and with a relaxed mind.
It starts with 1)Veda Adhyayana (learning to chant words without meaning)—young minds absorb very quickly and next step 2)Veda Mimamsa —learning the meaning of Vedas (only Veda Purva Mimamsa) and 3)study of Dharma sasthra
After entering Grihastha Asrama, one should practice Dharma Sathra in day to day life (Anushta Prayanam). This leads to Sadhana Chathushtaya Sampathi—when you achieve this, Grihastha Asrama is not relevent and it is only an intermediate stage—relationships and associations come
and go—gradually withdraw from resposibilities and handover to the next generation—- and take to Sanyasa Asram—with a relaxed mind you are fit to study Veda Antha under the guidance of a Guru.
Upanishad says Guru during Bramacharya Asram:
Teach to chant Veda—
Collects Sasthras and structure lessons for each student depending on profession they take up later
Teaches religion,ethics and attitudes
Persuade students to follow Sastras
Guru practices what is taught and is a role model.
Upanishad stresses salient features of Dharma Sasthra:
Satyam Vadha—Harmony between toughts and word and integrated personality
Dharmam Chara—Implement all Karmas and Discipline commanded by scriptures—-do not neglect scriptural study
For implementing Dharma Sastra, materials are required—Grihastha Asrama provides the infra-structure
After completing study, under Guru—your knowledge can be exhibited to to a King or rich persons—get rewarded —and handover the same to Guru as Dakshina—for propogating the Guru Sishya Parambara
Then become A grihastha—and maintain the Kula Parampara—teach your children a religious way of life and faith in Veda.