Bhagawat Geeta, Class 105: Chapter 7, Verses 13 to 16


Shloka # 13:

त्रिभिर्गुणमयैर्भावैरेभिः सर्वमिदं जगत्
मोहितं नाभिजानाति मामेभ्यः परमव्ययम्।।7.13।।

Due to three (kinds of) objects, consisting of (prakriti’s) constituents, this whole world is deluded; it fails to cognize Me, the immutable (Reality) beyond them.

Continuing his teaching of the Gita, Swami Paramarthananda said, with the 12th shloka of chapter 7, Sri Krishna has completed talking about Ishwaraswarupam. In his talks, Sri Krishna points out that the entire universe is God himself consisting of the Spirit (consciousness) that is of a higher nature and Matter, consisting of an inferior nature.

Wherever there is change it is Apara Prakriti (AP). So, the whole world, the body, mind and thought all are AP. The Para Prakriti (PP) is the consciousness alone, which is changeless and formless.

Now, Sri Krishna discussed another topic, raising the question as to why do humans suffer when everything in the universe is divine? Why does one feel incomplete, insecure and not at ease? This is a universal problem. Different people solve it in different ways. Some acquire material things, some seek position, some seek power, name, family etc. Nothing, however, seems to work. This universal problem is called Samasra. Sri Krishna is diagnosing the problem in shloka # 13 and provides its resolution in shloka # 14.

The problem is this: Since the Para prakriti (PP) is formless, colorless and not accessible for our perception, we generally miss it. Hence it is also called  “Aprameya” meaning not accessible to perception.

We only seem to see things that are Apara Prakriti. We don’t even attempt to know PP, as AP keeps us busy.  Sri Krishna calls Apara Prakriti, Mohini. Asuras lost amritam (knowledge), due to Mohini.

I am always preoccupied by this universe; by this body (sringaram), thoughts and emotions. This universe is so attractive, that one gets carried away. Hence one has no time for PP. So, they do not even to attempt to know Me, one who is not subject to change, says Sri Krishna.

Now, what is the harm if I do not know PP?

If AP provides me with everything, why do I need PP?

You should know that AP cannot give you some of the basic fundamentals of life. AP cannot give purnatvam. Everything in AP is finite, bound by time and space. Hence shanti and fulfillment will not rise.

PP alone has purnatvam. AP will not provide purnatvam.

Everything in AP is in constant state of flux. Nothing is shasvatham (permanent) in AP. Thus, AP cannot provide security; money, power, people all disappear over time. The human being wants something to hold on to.

Citing an example even for a dip in the Ganges, in Hardwar, you need to hold on to a chain. One needs at least one changeless relationship, meaning where the relationship is not changing. Unfortunately, we tend to stick to something connected with AP; then we lose that relationship as well, only to regret. That changeless one, Shasvatha Vastu, is Bhagawan. In AP nothing is permanent. Only PP is permanent, but we miss it and accordingly suffer as well. This is the trouble with humanity.

If so, what is the solution? The solution is, do not hold on to Apara Prakriti. Use it to play around. Hold on to Para Prakriti. Play in the river but hold on to the chain.

Shloka # 14:

दैवी ह्येषा गुणमयी मम माया दुरत्यया
मामेव ये प्रपद्यन्ते मायामेतां तरन्ति ते।।7.14।।

Indeed this divine delusive power of Maya is hard to cross over. Those who surrender themselves exclusively to Me pass beyond this Maya.

Citing an experience near Badrinath, while crossing mountains there are many paths. While the hill appears small, they are in fact quite far away. In one such trip, Swamiji slipped and tumbled down a bed of dry leaves. They did not offer him a purchase. Luckily there was a tree stump that he held on to and saved himself. What saved him was motionless. The tree stump is analogy to PP while dry leaves are like AP.

This AP is Maya, capable of tempting the human mind. Maya is Mohini. It turns mind away from PP. It is very powerful and we cannot transcend it by our own intellect. Maya has three gunas to trap us. Chapter # 14, later, details these gunas. The AP is also in the PP. It is dependent on PP.

So, what is the solution?

Those who surrender to Me will obtain Ishwara Kripa; that will lead one to the Guru; who will lead to the teaching; and then, shastra will lead you to Yourself.

Those who practice Bhakti will cross over the Maya. So, Bhakti is the solution.

What is Bhakti? Sri Krishna clarifies it in later chapters. For now, let us be aware that Bhakti goes through three stages. They are:

  1. We see the Lord as a means for a material end. This is known as Manda Bhakti.
  2. God is not seen as the means but seen as the end itself. One goes from world dependence to God dependence. This is known as Madhyama Bhakti.
  3. God is neither the means nor the end. God is “I”, myself. Means and end are both different from me. The real God is never away from me. This is Uttama Bhakti.

Only in Uttama bhakti one gets liberation.

Shloka # 15:

मां दुष्कृतिनो मूढाः प्रपद्यन्ते नराधमाः
माययापहृतज्ञाना आसुरं भावमाश्रिताः।।7.15।।

Base, deluded, evildoers do not surrender to Me; due to Maya, they have been robbed of knowledge and they assume a demoniac attitude.

Here Sri Krishna points out that many people don’t take recourse to Bhakti Marga, as they don’t have the punyam from previous life. Such people are deluded by Maya that keeps them busy chasing after money and entertainment. They lead a life to earn and entertain. It does not allow them to come near shastras. Maya robs one’s discrimination power. One sees impermanence all around but still does not turn his mind to God. He thinks impermanent as permanent.

To remove our delusions God has created Guru and Shastra. They provide us with the “how to ” manuals for leading our lives.

The Moodha, deluded ones, think they know everything and hence don’t take help of Guru and shastra. Thus they become the lowliest among humans. They miss using this life to accomplish its highest goal. They are called Nara-Dhamaha or mean people and indiscriminate people. They are a problem to themselves as well as others. Any amount I get, I am not satisfied. The desire is for more and more. A time comes when we cannot fulfill our desires (income) by legitimate means. Then we start cutting corners. Initially it pricks our conscience, but over time our conscience also becomes blunt. Match fixing by cricketers is a good example of this.  Why should

these cricketers fix the match; when their earning is so much and they are adored by the society; but there afterwards they lose everything and it is never possible to recover; life is gone; For such a person, life was artha kama pardhana and they became Asuric Svabhava. They are unfortunate people.

Shloka # 16:

चतुर्विधा भजन्ते मां जनाः सुकृतिनोऽर्जुन
आर्तो जिज्ञासुरर्थार्थी ज्ञानी भरतर्षभ।।7.16।।

Arjuna! Men of righteous acts are four fold. They resort to Me, O best of Bharatas! They are afflicted,

The knowledge seeker, wealth seeker and the knower.

Now there are punyavans too in this world. They are known as Sukritha Bhakthas. Swamiji says bhaktas are of four types. They are:

  1. Artah Bhakta: These are people in whom devotion rises when a crisis occurs. They are Sakama bhaktas. Artah means one who is in distress. This starts in childhood itself. A good example is facing an upcoming exam, students turn to God for his blessings. Shatras give examples of Artah Bhaktas. They include Vibhishana, Prahlada, Druvah, Panchali and Ahalya.
  2. Artharthti Bhakta: One who desires wealth. Whenever he starts something he wants to benefit from it, so he prays. Here bhakti is used for obtaining something.

Both Artah and Artharthi Bhaktas are manda Bhaktas. They are interested in using God to get something or as a means. Swamiji says, for them God is Give-up-able.

  1. Jignasuhu: One who is interested in knowing more about God. His goal is God. His is a Madhyama nishkama bhakti. His thought process is, to reach God I am ready to sacrifice everything.
  2. Gyani: He has discovered that God is not away from him. God is not a means or an end to him. He realizes, God is Me.

Take away:

Those who have Bhakti will cross over the Maya. Bhakti is the solution to reach Para Prakriti.

With Best Wishes


Ram Ramaswamy