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Mandukya Upanishad, Class 28

Whatever object is perceived by me can’t be ultimate reality, whether it is perceived in swapna state or jagradha state or even in higher state.  It is because to prove its very existence, it depends on the subject.  Because the existence of an object can’t be proved without a perceiver.  Therefore, perceived has a dependent […]

Bhagawad Gita Summary Class Notes

Bhagavad Gita Chapters Chapter 1: The Yoga of Arjuna’s Dejection (arjuna-viṣāda-yoga) Chapter 2: The Yoga of Analysis (sāṅkhya-yoga) Chapter 3: The Yoga of Action (karma-yoga) Chapter 4: The Yoga of Knowledge (jñāna- karma-sannyāsa-yoga) Chapter 5: The Yoga of Renunciation (sannyāsa-yoga) Chapter 6: The Yoga of Meditation (dhyana-yoga) Chapter 7: The Yoga of Wisdom (jñāna-vijnana-yoga) Chapter […]

Chapter 3: The Yoga of Action (karma-yoga)

In the second chapter Lord Krishna taught karma yoga and Jñāna yoga, focusing more on Jñāna yoga.  Lord Krishna begins second chapter with Jñāna yoga and concludes the second chapter with sthira pragya.  In between the two, he discusses karma and asks Arjuna to do his karma, which is to fight the Mahabharata war.  Lord […]

Chapter 2: The Yoga of Analysis (sāṅkhya-yoga)

The actual teaching of Bhagavad Gita starts at Chapter 2 verse 11 and continues through Chapter 18 verse 66. Verses 1 to 10:  Arjuna’s saranakathi (surrender):  Attachment leads to sorrow.  When I am attached to something, I never want to lose it.  Samsara leads to raga (attachment), soga (sorrow) and mogaha (inability to decide between […]

Chapter 1: The Yoga of Arjuna’s Dejection (arjuna-viṣāda-yoga)

Factors for healthy life Objective Factors: Hygienic surrounding.Subjective Factors: My body should be strong enough to withstand challenges; extend this to mental health as wellIf any mind is sufficiently strong psychological disturbances like anger, jealousy etc.  will occur less.Intensity will also be lessThe duration will also be lessAfter effects will also be less Bhagavad Gita’s […]

Bhagavad Gita Summary

In these sections, I am reproducing my notes from classes that were given by Swami Paramarthananda as stand alone summary of Bhagavad Gita at Sanskrit College. These are the same classes that the students of Vedantic Study Group, Hindu Temple of Greater Chicago listened to online, starting in 2021. Please note that these notes are […]

Mandukya Upanishad

Class 81 Summary Alathi Prakarana is the fourth and final chapter of Mandukya.  In the first three chapter the teachings given out in Mandukya upanishad were discussed.  In first chapter called agama prakaranam, the mandukya verses were briefly analyzed.  In vaithathya prakaranam and advaida prakaranm, the focussed was on aham sathyam and jagat mithyam.  I […]

Mandukya Upanishad

Class 80 Verse 96 The spiritual seeker starts the journey as a prmadha associated with the body mind complex, he discovers himself as seeker who has not attained the qualification gyana yogyadha pramdha.  He then practices sadhana sadhustha sambandhi and become gyana yogahda pramadha, a knower with qualifications.  Then he practices sravanam and manam and […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 79

Class 79 Up to 90th verse, Gowdapadha was summarizing the Upanishads teaching of Madukaya Upanishad aham sathyam and jagat mithyam and refuted all other systems of philosophies. From 91st to 100th verse, Gowdapadha is winding up the entire teaching.  The essence of the teaching is whatever we want to achieve, is already our nature.  This […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 78

Class 78 In versees 87, 88 and 89 Mandukya upanishad was summarized.  The teaching is that the avasthasthrya sakshi is none other than Brahman.  The sakshi is thuriyum and knowing the thuriyum alone gives moksha. In the 90th verse, Gowdapadha talks about sadhanas to be followed.  The four factors to be followed before starting the […]

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