Tag Archives: upanishads


Mandukya Upanishad, Class 22

Karikas 7: सप्रयोजनता तेषां स्वप्ने विप्रतिपद्यते ।  तस्मादाद्यन्तवत्वेन मिथ्यैव खलु ते स्मृताः ॥ ७ ॥ That the objects of the waking state can serve our purpose in life is contradicted in dream state experiences. Therefore, they are undoubtedly illusory on account of their-both waking and dream-having a beginning and an end. Karika # 8: अपूर्वं […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 21

Shloka # 4: अन्तःस्थानात्तु भेदानां तस्माज्जागरिते स्मृतम् । यथा तत्र तथा स्वप्ने संवृतत्वेन भिद्यते ॥ ४ ॥ Different objects cognized in dream are illusory because they are being perceived to exist. For the same reason the objects seen in the waking state are also to be considered as illusory. Just as in the waking state, […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 20

Greetings All, Continuing his teaching, Swamiji said, I said in last class in Vaithatya Prakaranam, Gaudapada establishes Mithyatvam of world. It is not directly mentioned but indirectly revealed through Prapancha Upashamanam. This method is called Shruti Pramananam or Shrutyartharthi pramanam; which means obtaining knowledge indirectly from scriptures. What is reality can’t be negated. We can’t […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 18: Chapter 1 Summary

Swamiji gave his summary of chapter 1 also known as Agama Prakaranam, today. In introduction to this Upanishad he had previously indicated that it has four chapters in it. The first chapter is called agamaprakaranam. This chapter contains the entire Upanishad and 29 karikas. The second chapter is called Vaitathyaprakaranam containing 38 karikas on the […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 16

Mantra # 11: सुषुप्तस्थानः प्राज्ञो मकारस्तृतीया मात्रा  मितेरपीतेर्वा मिनोति ह वा  इदं सर्वमपीतिश्च भवति य एवं वेद ॥ ११ ॥ Pragya, whose sphere of activity is deep sleep, is M the third letter of AUM, because it is both the “measure” and also “ that wherein all become one”. One who knows this identity of […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 15

Mantra # 9: जागरितस्थानो वैश्वानरोऽकारः प्रथमा मात्राऽऽप्तेरादिमत्त्वाद्वाप्नोति ह वै सर्वान्कामानादिश्च भवति य एवं वेद ॥ ९ ॥ He who is Vaishvanara having for his sphere of activity the waking state is Aa the first letter of AUM, on account of its “ all pervasiveness” or on account of “ being the first”- these two are […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 14

Karika # 18: विकल्पो विनिवर्तेत कल्पितो यदि केनचित् ।  उपदेशादयं वादो ज्ञाते द्वैतं न विद्यते ॥ १८ ॥ If any one has ever imagined or projected the manifold ideas, they might disappear. This explanation is for the purpose of teaching. Duality in the explanation ceases to exist when the highest Truth is Realized. Swamiji said […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 13

Mantra # 7; Karika # 14: स्वप्ननिद्रायुतावाद्यौ प्राज्ञस्त्वस्वप्ननिद्रया ।  न निद्रां नैव च स्वप्नं तुर्ये पश्यन्ति निश्चिताः ॥ १४ ॥ Vishwa and Taijasa, the former two are associated with the conditions of dream and sleep, Prajna is the state without dream. Those who have known the Truth do not see either sleep or dream in […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 12

Mantra # 7; Karika # 11: Swamiji said in these karikas beginning from # 11 Guadapada is comparing and contrasting the four padas. This study is for clarifying the karika. This clarification is called Svadhanya Vaidhanya Vichara. It shows the study of common and uncommon features. Two specific factors are studied for comparison. They are: […]

Mandukya Upanishad, Class 10

In the seventh mantra the Upanishads is talking about thuriya pada, which is consciousness not associated with any other padhas and looked at its own stand point.  The first three padhas are divided into subject object duality.  But in thuriyam, it does not have pramadha premaya duality.  Thuriyum is neither pramdaha knower and premayam the […]

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